Table of Contents
Stacklights, also called tower lights or signal towers, consist of different color light modules stacked on top of each other, and they may also include sound. Stacklights can either be mounted on a pole (Pole Mount), or they can be mounted directly on the equipment (Direct Mount).
Mallory uses brilliant solid state LED’s (Light Emitting Diodes).
Piezoelectric transducer technology is used in Mallory’s Stacklight. For more information on the technology used, see the Article, “Audible Alarm Basics” and see Technical Application Guide, "Piezoelectric Alarm Operation". Using a piezoelectric transducer allows a loud clear sound along with a very low current draw of less than 40 mA from the sound circuit.
Mallory looked at the competition and saw the opportunity to think outside-the-box and offer a shape that is unique, updated, and pleasing to look at. In addition to being 360 degree viewable when mounted up on top of a machine, Mallory’s Stacklight can also be mounted against a flat surface such as the side of a machine or a wall and still be 180 degree viewable and provide a pleasing flush mount against that flat surface.
Go to Mallory’s website: www.mspindy.com and type in your part number in the product search box at the top of the website. When the product page appears, look in the bottom section for the link “Product Application Guide”. The instruction sheet is included in this document. If you have problems finding this document, contact Mallory- email@example.com or 317-612-1000.
Use only a slightly damp cloth. Other cleaning agents could affect the waterproof integrity or mar the surface finish potentially affecting its visual characteristics.
Electrical Application Issues
The Stacklight will either be rated 9 to 16 Vdc or 20 to 28 Vac/dc. Check the label on the Stacklight or the data sheet on the website (www.mspindy.com) for the proper voltage rating.
No- only use 90 to 120 Vac only.
Yes as long as the transistors or FET’s are rated to handle the rated current draws. Each LED stack is rated to draw less than 60 mA of current. The sound is rated to draw less than 40 mA of current.
For the 9 to 16 Vdc Stacklights, connect the brown and black wires to the negative terminal of the power supply and the red, yellow, green, and orange wires to the positive terminal of the power supply. For 24 Vac/dc Stacklights, you can connect the same as above, or since it is non-polar, the brown & black wires can go on either side of the power supply, and the other wires on the other side.
Connect the brown wire (which is the LED ground wire) to negative side of your power supply and connect the appropriately colored wire to the positive side of the power supply. For example, if you want the green LED stack to turn on, connect the brown wire to the negative terminal of the power supply and the green wire to the positive terminal of the power supply. For the red LED stack, brown wire to negative, and red wire to positive. For the yellow LED stack, brown wire to negative, and yellow wire to positive.
Yes, you can turn on any combination of LED stacks including all of them at the same time.
The red and yellow LED stacks are rated 60 mA max each. The green LED stack is 25 mA max. The sound is 40 mA max. To get the maximum current draw, add up the individual current draws. For example, for a 3 stack model with sound, max current = 60 mA (red) + 60 mA (yellow) + 25 mA (green) + 40 mA (sound) = 185 mA maximum.
The wiring diagram shows all wires that need to be connected if you purchased the model with 5 stacks and sound. For Stacklight models with less than 5 stacks and/or do not come with sound, not all of the wires shown in the wiring diagram will be present.
The wire is 22 AWG consisting of 7 strands (tinned) with PVC insulation rated for 300V, and approved to UL 1007,1569 and CSA AWM I A/B, TR-64. If the part has the suffix “-MX”, it comes with a Molex Micro Fit 3.0 connector on the end of the wires.
First, verify the sound can work by using an external power supply that has the current level set for at least 40 mA. Connect the black wire to one side of the external power supply and the gray wire to the other side of the power supply. Also, for now, make sure that the green with yellow stripe wire is not connected to either the orange wire or the purple wire. If the unit still does not make a sound, then contact Mallory Sonalert (firstname.lastname@example.org) or 317-612-1000 (ph).
If the unit does make a continuous sound with the external power supply, then while the unit is still sounding, connect the green with yellow stripe wire only to the orange wire, then only the purple wire, then to both the orange wire and purple wire at the same time. This should activate the three additional sounds. Warning- do not connect the orange purple, or green wire with yellow stripe to the power supply because they are sound control wires and can only be connected to each other.
If you verify that all of the sounds are working with the external power supply, then you have a wiring or control issue within the equipment. Note that in order for any sound to be generated, both the black wire and gray wires must be connected to the power supply (this will generate a continuous tone). To generate the medium pulse tone, the double pulse tone, or the continuous/short pulse tone, the black and gray wires must be connected to the power supply AND the green wire with yellow stripe must be connected to one or both of the orange and purple wires. The Sound Control Diagram on the instruction sheet that comes with the Stacklight (and also on the website listed in the Stacklight application guide) details how to generate the four different sounds.
Mallory has no test information to back up this claim, but the circuitry and technology used to generate the lights (LED’s) and sound (piezo) is all solid state and should neither be affected by EMC/EMI nor emit EMC/EMI.
No. When a particular stack is energized, it emits a continuous light. If you want the light to flash, the controller (or external circuitry) will need to do this by turning the light stack on and off.
Mechanical Application Issues
The mounting instructions are included in the instruction sheets that come with the Stacklight. If you do not have the instruction sheets, look in the General FAQ section at the top of this document for directions on how to get a copy.
Your Stacklight was purchased with the pole mount option, but you can convert it into a direct mount by purchasing the small pipe and nut used our direct mount parts. The part numbers are:
Small Pipe- P/N: J-DIRECTMOUNTPIPE
Nut- P/N: J-NUT
Your Stacklight was purchased with the direct mount option, but you can convert it into a pole mount by purchasing the pole and mounting bracket and the gasket (to ensure waterproof ratings). The standard pole is stainless steel, but you can also purchase a black electroplated pipe. The part numbers are:
- Stainless Steel Pole- P/N: J-POLE-S
- Black Electroplated Pole- P/N: J-POLE-E
- Mounting Bracket- P/N: J-MOUNTINGBRACKET
- Gasket- P/N: J-GASKET
Yes. In the part number, the 2nd to last letter indicates the mounting type. Instead of the letter “S” which stands for stainless steel pole, use the letter “E” for Black Electroplated Pole. For example, P/N JT028-R-CSL will come with a Stainless Steel Pole. P/N JT028-R-CEL comes with a Black Electroplated Pole.
In order to ensure waterproof ratings, you may need to use silicone adhesive to ensure a watertight fit between the Stacklight and the mounting surface.
For the direct mount 30mm Stacklight (no pole), you can mount it in any direction. For the 30mm Stacklights with a pole, it is recommended to mount it vertically.
The gasket replacement part number is: 22MMGASKET. If no distributors have this in stock, contact Mallory for help: email@example.com or 317-612-1000 (ph).
The connector used on Stacklights with the part number suffix “-MX” is a Molex Micro Fit 3.0 style connector. Below is a table showing the Molex part number used on the Stacklight (it depends on how many wires the Stacklight comes with) and the associated Molex mating connector part number. You can also refer to the data sheet for that particular Stacklight part number which will list the Molex connector mating part number for that Stacklight.
No. of Wires
Mating Connector P/N
3 or 4
5 or 6
7 or 8
9 or 10
Mallory provides semi-opaque lenses in some series because Mallory wants to give customers various options. The semi-opaque lenses provide an even dispersion of the light and eliminate the distracting bright spots that can be seen with some Stacklights that use clear or colored lenses.
Yes. Contact Mallory- firstname.lastname@example.org (email) or 317-612-1000 to discuss your needs.
Yes. The different color LED’s chips offer different light outputs, so Mallory does our best to adjust them so that all the colors are approximately the same, but there can be still be small differences between the color brightness of the various stacks. However, if one of the stack colors is difficult to see because it is too dim from 10 feet away under normal lighting, there may be a problem and Mallory should be contacted.
Mallory’s Stacklights are only rated for indoor usage, so the light levels may be too dim to see very well under bright outside lighting. Under normal indoor lighting, there should be no problem seeing the individual stacks when lit up.
One answer is that you cannot tell until you apply power to the individual stacks. You can refer to the spec. sheet for that particular Stacklight model which shows the sequence of the colors.
Mallory has tested our lights under a variety of indoor lighting conditions to verify that they are easily viewable. Mallory does not specify a mcd or lux value because such ratings can be misleading. For example, many manufacturers of Stacklights specify light values that are either the LED chip ratings (not what the Stacklight actually produces) or their light values reflect the fact that they use clear lenses which exhibit exceptionally bright spots when lit up. If you are absolutely determined to put down a mcd or lux value on our Stacklights, contact Mallory and we will work with you.
The LED chips that are readily available and affordable which produce the yellow color tend to produce light more on the amber side of the light spectrum. Among the Stacklight industry, it is common to use the terms “yellow” and “amber” interchangeably.
No. When a particular stack is energized, it emits a continuous light. If you want the light to flash, the controller (or external circuitry) will be needed to do this.
Sound level is measured in decibels (abbreviated dB). The dB scale is an arbitrary scale that reflects the loudness of the sound that is being measured. It ranges from 0 dB (threshold of hearing) to 130 dB (threshold of pain). For a better understanding of the decibel sound level scale, see Technical Application Guide, "Decibel Sound Level Scale". Mallory specifies the 30mm Stacklights at a 1 Meter. distance.
Sound level falls off over distance. We intuitively know this because we have to talk louder (or even shout) when people are farther away. The rule of thumb is that every time the distance doubles, the sound level drops off by 6 dB. For example, if an audible alarm measures 85 dB at 1 Meter, by the time it reaches 2 Meters, it will only be 79 dB. By the time it reaches 4 Meters, it will only be 73 dB, and so on.
Every time the sound level increases by 10 dB, it will sound twice as loud to the human ear. For example, an alarm specified as 75 dB at 1 Meter will sound half as loud as one specified as 85 dB at 1 Meter.
Most people can only distinguish a sound level change only when it increases or decreases by 3 decibels. For example if a person was listening to an audible alarm that changed from 83 to 85 dB, that person would most likely say that the alarm did not get louder. If the sound level changed from 82 dB to 85 dB, the person would say that the sound level is slightly louder. If the sound level changed from 79 to 85 dB, the person would say that the sound level is significantly louder. If the sound level changed from 75 to 85 dB, the person would say that the sound level is twice as loud as before.
dB is the abbreviation for decibels which is how the sound level of audible alarms is measured. The “a” in dBa means that the sound level was measured on an A-Weighting scale. The A-Weighting scale was developed to compensate for the fact that the human ear is not a perfect microphone. By applying the A-Weighting scale to sound level measurements, you put the different frequencies (pitches) that the audible alarms produce on an even basis (i.e. comparing apples to apples). Mallory always uses A-Weighting for their sound level measurements, but not all audible alarm manufacturers are this diligent.
Yes. Contact Mallory- email@example.com (email) or 317-612-1000 to discuss your needs.
Mallory designed our Stacklight so that any one of the four sounds can be used at any time. Refer to the instruction guide on how to connect to and activate the individual sounds.
No. The sound level is set at the factory. Mallory offers three different sound level ratings. The standard Loud rating is 80 to 90 dB @ 1 Meter. The Medium sound level rating is 70 to 80 dB @ 1 Meter which would sound half as loud as the louder rating. The Soft sound level rating is 60 to 70 dB @ 1 Meter. If the sound level of the Stacklight is too loud, the only option at this time is to return it for a model with a lower sound level.
Mallory’s Stacklight sound has a more desirable sound frequency of 2,000 Hz (2 kHz) which is at least 1000 Hz lower than all other competitors. In addition, Mallory offers two new sounds not offered by the competition including a double pulse tone and a continuous tone for 5 seconds followed by a short pulse tone.
No. The sound and lights are controlled independently. If you want the Stacklight to make a sound, the black (negative) and orange (positive) wires need to be connected to power
Yes. If you have the capability and time, you can just use the continuous tone and control the on-off timing as you wish. Mallory provided the other 3 sounds as a convenience to save the time that is needed to develop and test other sounds.
As long as the Stacklight is mounted vertically, the sound will be the same in any direction (i.e. omni-directional). However, if you elect to mount the Stacklight horizontally, the sound will be a little louder when facing the sound hole on top of the alarm.
Mallory’s 30mm Stacklights are rated NEMA 4X, but they are not intended to be used outdoors. First, the LED lights are not day-light viewable. Second, the Stacklights with sound will have a sound hole on top (to let the sound out). While no water can get inside of the Stacklight through this hole and damage the electronics, if the sound hole fills up with water, the Stacklight warning sound will be muffled.
Mallory has UL and cUL approvals to UL508. Also NEMA 12 (IP-52).
UL Listed means that a piece of equipment has met the requirements spelled out by UL for that type of equipment. UL Recognized means that the individual component has met the requirements spelled out by UL for that type of component. The main difference is that equipment is UL Listed while components are UL Recognized. Since Mallory Stacklights are components, they are only required to be UL Recognized in order to be used in UL Listed equipment.
The Stacklights sold by Mallory are individual components that must be incorporated into final equipment in order to be useful. Since their safety and use depends to a very large extent on how they are incorporated, they are not covered by the various European Directives, and need not be CE marked. In fact, per the Low Voltage Directive, components must not be CE Marked.
For the Stacklight models with sound, Mallory does use one electrolytic aluminum capacitor. The recommended shelf life for these capacitors is 5 to 10 years depending on how they are used. Our application of this capacitor is not especially sensitive to the shelf life issues of these components, and the capacitor is potted in epoxy, so we would expect that it would last 8-10 years or longer in our alarms just sitting on the shelf (no voltage applied during that time).
Parts similar to this were tested to 1240 Vac by shorting the wires together and applying the voltage between the wires and the casing.
Mallory does not have MTBF data for our Stacklight series. We did utilize the same design principles that we use with our industrial audible alarms, so we would expect a similar MTBF which is typically greater than 1 million hours for our industrial audible alarms.
No. Mallory Sonalert’s audible and visual products are used in a variety of consumer, industrial, military, and aerospace applications. However, these products do not meet the criteria of a defense article on the U.S. Munitions List nor do they have the equivalent performance or capabilities of a defense article on the U.S. Munitions List. Therefore, Mallory Sonalert products are not subject to ITAR regulations or restrictions.
Mallory’s Stacklights do not require an ECCN Number. However, if you need to assign an ECCN Number, use EAR99 (which means that our product is not regulated).
NKCR2.E478987 (UL) & NKCR8.E478987 (CUL)
The Stacklights are built using solid state circuitry and high performance LED’s, and if the alarm option is chosen, piezoelectric transducer technology is used. Failures are rare and the most common failure mode is a circuit failure caused by over-voltage by the user.
At the top of the Mallory website, choose “Products”, then choose one of the Stacklight series in the resulting table. At the top of the series webpage is a link to the environmental tests for the Stacklight series. If you have trouble finding this document, contact Mallory.
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